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Recordings & Discussions of Other Vocal Works: Main Page | Motets BWV 225-231 | Mass in B minor BWV 232 | Missae Breves & Sanctus BWV 233-242 | Magnificat BWV 243 | Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 | Johannes-Passion BWV 245 | Lukas-Passion BWV 246 | Markus-Passion BWV 247 | Weihnachts-Oratorium BWV 248 | Oster-Oratorium BWV 249 | Chorales BWV 250-438 | Geistliche Lieder BWV 439-507 | AMN BWV 508-523 | Quodlibet BWV 524 | Aria BWV 1127

Matthäus-Passion BWV 244

Ref.

BWV 244

German Title

Matthäus-Passion

Latin Title

Passio Domini Nostri J.C. Secundum Evangelistam Matthaeum

English Title

St. Matthew Passion (SMP)

French Title

La Passion Selon Saint Matthieu

Italian Title

Passione Secondo Matteo

Spanish Title

Pasión según San Mateo

Event

Passion to be performed in Good Friday

Composed

Leipzig, 1729. Revised: Leipzig, late 1740's
1st performance: April 11, 1727 - Leipzig (Earlier Version, possibly as late as Apr 15, 1729)
2nd performance: March 30, 1736 - Leipzig (Later Version)
3rd performance: March 23, 1742 ? - Leipzig (Later Version)
Possible 4th performance: April 12, 1743 ? - - Leipzig (Later Version; with the revisions to the recitatives that Bach made [now only Jesus's recitatives had sustained notes, like we know it today])

Text

Christian Friedrich Henrici (Picander), Ernst-Schertzhaffte und Satyrische Gedichte, Teil II (Leipzig, 1729, 2nd ed., 1734); Facs: Neumann T, p. 321;
Borrowings: Mvt. 13(19), Mvt. 19 (25), Mvt. 39(47), Mvt. 49(58), Mvt. 68(78) from Picander's Erbauliche Gedancken auf den Grünen Donnerstag und Charfreytag (Leipzig, 1725); Mvt. 64(74) and Mvt. 5(9) from Salomo Franck, Geist- und Weltliche Poesien (Jena, 1711 and 1716); Mvt. 27b(33) from Barthold Heinrich Brockes, Der für die Sünde der Welt Gemarterte und Sterbende Jesus (Jesus who Suffered and Died for the Sins of the World), aus den IV Evangelisten (Hamburg, 1712 and 1715).
Chorales: Mvt. 1. Interpolation of the Nikolaus Decius' German "Agnus Dei," before 1529 (Wackernagel, III, #619f.); Mvt. 3. Johann Heermann, verse 1 of this hymn, 1630 (Fischer-Tümpel, I, #334); Mvt. 10(16). Paul Gerhardt, verse 5 of "O Welt, sieh hier dein Leben," 1647 (Fischer-Tümpel, III, #387); Mvt. 15(21). Paul Gerhardt, verse 5 of "O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden," 1656 (Fischer-Tümpel, III, #467); Mvt. 17(23). Paul Gerhardt, verse 6 of "O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden," 1656 (ibid.); Mvt. 19(25). Interpolation of Johann Heermann, verse 3 of "Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen," 1630 (Fischer- Tümpel, I, #334); Mvt. 25(31). Markgraf Albrecht von Brandenburg, verse 1 of this hymn, 1547 (Wackernagel, I, #683); Mvt. 29(35). Sebald Heyden, verse 1 of this hymn, 1525 (Wackernagel, III, #603); Mvt. 32(38). Adam Reusner, verse 5 of "In dich hab ich gehoffet, Herr," 1533 (Wackernagel, I, #286); Mvt. 37(44). Paul Gerhardt, verse 3 of "O Welt, sieh hier dein Leben," 1647 (Fischer-Tümpel, III, #387); Mvt. 40(48). Johann Rist, verse 6 of "Werde munter, mein Gemüte," 1642 (Fischer-Tümpel, II, #199); Mvt. 44(53). Paul Gerhardt, verse 1 of this hymn, 1653 (Fischer-Tümpel, I, #435); Mvt. 46(55). Johann Heermann, verse 4 of "Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen," 1630 (Fischer-Tümpel, I, #334); Mvt. 54(63). Paul Gerhardt, verses 1 and 2 of this hymn, 1656 (Fischer-Tümpel, III, #467); Mvt. 62(72). Paul Gerhardt, verse 9 of O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden," 1656 (ibid.).
Biblical Text: Matthäus 26-27; S. of S. 6:1, Mvt. 30(36).

15 April 1729, Leipzig; Parody: Mvt. 6(10), Mvt. 8(12) ---> BWV 244a/3, 5; Mvt. 13(19), Mvt. 20(26), Mvt. 23(29) ---> BWV 244a/22, 19, 17; Mvt. 39(47), Mvt. 49(58), Mvt. 57(66), Mvt. 65(75), Mvt. 68(78) ---> BWV 244a/10, 12, 15, 20, 24. 17, 19, 20, 22, 24.

German-1 | German [Farao] | Translations: Chinese-2/1 | Chinese-2/2 | English-1 | English-3 | English-5 | English-10 | English [Farao] | English [CPDL] | French-4/1 | French-4/2 | French-6 | French [Farao] | Hebrew-1 | Hebrew-2 | Hebrew-3 | Indonesian | Portuguese-2 | Russian-1/1 | Russian-1/2 | Spanish-2
Chorale Texts: Werde munter mein Gemüte | Meinen Jesum laß' ich nicht | Befiehl du deine Wege | O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden | Was mein Gott will, das g'scheh allzeit | O Welt, sieh hier dein Leben

Scoring

Soloists: Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Bass; Choir I: SATB; Choir II: SATB
Orchestra: 2 flutes dolce, 2 transverse flutes, oboe, 2 oboes d'amore, 2 oboes da caccia, 2 violins, viola, viola da gamba, continuo
Part 1: Mvt. 1: Chorus | Mvt. 2: Recitative | Mvt. 3: Chorale | Mvt. 4a: Recitative | Mvt. 4b: Chorus | Mvt. 4c: Recitative | Mvt. 4d: Chorus | Mvt. 4e: Recitative | Mvt. 5: Recitative | Mvt. 6: Aria | Mvt. 7: Recitative | Mvt. 8: Aria | Mvt. 9a: Recitative | Mvt. 9b: Chorus | Mvt. 9c: Recitative | Mvt. 9d: Recitative | M9e: Chorus | Mvt. 10: Chorale | Mvt. 11: Recitative | Mvt. 12: Recitative | Mvt. 13: Aria | Mvt. 14: Recitative | Mvt. 15: Chorale | Mvt. 16: Recitative | Mvt. 17: Chorale | Mvt. 18: Recitative | Mvt. 19: Recitative & Chorus | Mvt. 20: Aria & Chorus | Mvt. 21: Recitative | Mvt. 22: Recitative | Mvt. 23: Aria | Mvt. 24: Recitative | Mvt. 25: Chorale | Mvt. 26: Recitative | Mvt. 27a: Aria (Duet) & Chorus | Mvt. 27b: Chorus | Mvt. 28: Recitative | Mvt. 29: Chorale
Part 2:
Mvt. 30: Aria & Chorus | Mvt. 31: Recitative | Mvt. 32: Chorale | Mvt. 33: Recitative | Mvt. 34: Recitative | Mvt. 35: Aria | Mvt. 36a: Recitative | Mvt. 36b: Chorus | Mvt. 36c: Recitative | Mvt. 36c: Chorus | Mvt. 37: Chorale | Mvt. 38a: Recitative | Mvt. 38b: Chorus | Mvt. 38c: Recitative | Mvt. 39: Aria | Mvt. 40: Chorale | Mvt. 41a: Recitative | Mvt. 41b: Chorus | Mvt. 41c: Recitative | Mvt. 42: Aria | Mvt. 43: Recitative | Mvt. 44: Chorale | Mvt. 45a: Recitative | Mvt. 45b: Chorus | Mvt. 46: Chorale | Mvt. 47: Recitative | Mvt. 48: Recitative | Mvt. 49: Aria | Mvt. 50a: Recitative | Mvt. 50b: Chorus | Mvt. 50c: Recitative | Mvt. 50d: Chorus | Mvt. 50e: Recitative | Mvt. 51: Recitative | Mvt. 52: Aria | Mvt. 53a: Recitative | Mvt. 53b: Chorus | Mvt. 53c: Recitative | Mvt. 54: Chorale | Mvt. 55: Recitative | Mvt. 56: Recitative | Mvt. 57: Aria | Mvt. 58a: Recitative | Mvt. 58b: Chorus | Mvt. 58c: Recitative | Mvt. 58d: Chorus | Mvt. 58e: Recitative | Mvt. 59: Recitative | Mvt. 60: Aria & Chorus | Mvt. 61a: Recitative | Mvt. 61b: Chorus | Mvt. 61c: Recitative | Mvt. 61d: Chorus | Mvt. 61e: Recitative | Mvt. 62: Chorale | Mvt. 63a: Recitative | Mvt. 63b: Chorus | Mvt. 63c: Recitative | Mvt. 64: Recitative | Mvt. 65: Aria | Mvt. 66a: Recitative | Mvt. 66b: Chorus | Mvt. 66c: Recitative | Mvt. 67: Recitative & Chorus | Mvt. 68: Chorus

 

Part 1: Score BGA Part 1 [12.7 MB] | Part 2: Score BGA Part 2 [14.3 MB]
Score Examples: Examples from the Score | Examples from the Score - Mvt. 29 | St. Matthew Passion by Johann Walter
Chorale Melodies: Werde munter, mein Gemüthe | Meinen Jesum laß ich nicht | Befiehl du deine Wege (I) | Was mein Gott will, das g’scheh allzeit | O Welt, ich muß dich lassen

References

BWV 244: BGA: IV/1 | NBA: II/5 | BC: D 3 | Zwang: - | First Published: Berlin, 1830
BWV 244a: BGA: - | NBA: II/5a | BC: B 22 | Zwang: - | First Published:

Commentary

Johann Sebastian Bach: Matthäuspassion (Evangelische Pauluskirche Darmstadt) [German]
Johann Sebastian Bach's St. Matthew Passion - A Chronological Overview
Bach and Dürer: Passion Music and Imagery
St Matthew Passion vs. Titanic
St Matthew Passion BWV 244 (Bethlehem)
Program Notes for Bach’s St. Matthew Passion
St. Matthew Passion: A dramatic visualization, translation and commentary by Henry de Jong (Worship aNew)
A Companion to J. S. Bach’s St. Matthew Passion (James cMadison University)

Music

Music Examples

Discussions

February 1999 - April 2003 | June 6, 2004 - August 1, 2004; Weeks of April 12 & 19, 2009

Contents

Complete Recordings - 1900-1949
Complete Recordings - 1950-1959
Complete Recordings - 1960-1969
Complete Recordings - 1970-1979
Complete Recordings - 1980-1989
Complete Recordings - 1990-1999
Complete Recordings - 2000-2009
Complete Recordings - 2010-2019
Recordings of Individual Movements

General Discussions: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5 | Part 6 | Part 7 | Part 8 | Part 9 | Part 10 | Part 11 | Part 12 | Part 13 | Part 14 | Part 15 | Part 16 | Part 16
BWV 244a - General Discussions
BWV 244b - General Discussions

Systemetic Discussions: Part 1: Mvts. 1-8 | Part 2: Mvts. 9-20 | Part 3: Mvts. 21-29 | Part 4: Mvts. 30-40 | Part 5: Mvts. 41-50 | Part 6: Mvts. 51-57 | Part 7: Mvts. 58-63b | Part 8: Mvts. 63c-68 | Part 9: Role of the Evangelist

Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Leonard Bernstein
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Georg Christoph Biller
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Frans Brüggen
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by John Butt
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Riccardo Chailly
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Stephen Cleobury
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Joshard Daus
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Diego Fasolis
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Wilhelm Furtwängler
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by John Eliot Gardiner
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Wolfgang Gönnenwein
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Paul Goodwin
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Enoch zu Guttenberg
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Nikolaus Harnoncourt
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Philippe Herreweghe
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Reginald Jacques
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Herbert von Karajan
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Otto Klemperer
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Ton Koopman
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Serge Koussevitzky
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Sigiswald Kuijken
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Fritz Lehmann
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Gustav Leonhardt
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Pieter Jan Leusink
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Erhard & Rudolf Mauersberger
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Hermann Max
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Paul McCreesh
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Willem Mengelberg
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Karl Münchinger
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Roger Norrington
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Géza Oberfrank
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Seiji Ozawa
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Andrew Parrott
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Günther Ramin
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Simon Rattle
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Karl Richter
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Helmuth Rilling
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Hans-Joacim Rotzsch
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Hermann Scherchen
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Georg Solti
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Christoph Spering
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Masaaki Suzuki
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Jos van Veldhoven
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Bruno Walter
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Fritz Werner
Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - conducted by Mogens Wöldike

Article: Saint Matthew Passion, BWV 244 (by Teri Noel Towe)
Article: Two Easter St. Matthew Passions (by Uri Golomb)
Article: Bach’s St. Matthew Passion from Harnoncourt [by Donald Satz] [Comparative review of 9 recordings]
Article: The Passion according to Saint Matthew BWV 244 [by Joshua Rifkin]
Article: The Relationship between BWV 244a (Trauermusik) and BWV 244b (SMP Frühfassung) [by Thomas Braatz) [PDF]
Article: Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - Early History (A Selective, Annotated Bibliography) [by William Hoffman]
Article: Spiritual Sources of Bach's St. Matthew Passion [by William Hoffman]
Article: Bach and the "Great Passion" [by David Glenn Lebut Jr.]
Article: The Genesis of Bach's `Great Passion': 1724-29 [by William Hoffman] [PDF]
Article: Early Performances of Bach's SMP [by Thomas Braatz]
Timings of Mvt. 1: Chorus Kommt, ihr Töchter, helft mir klagen [by Willem van Erk] [PDF, January 2007]

--

Prepared by Aryeh Oron (December 2000 - August 2012)
Thanks to contributors: David Glenn Lebut Jr. (April 2010)

Matthäus-Passion BWV 244: Details
Recordings: 1900-1949 | 1950-1959 | 1960-1969 | 1970-1979 | 1980-1989 | 1990-1999 | 2000-2009 | 2010-2019 | Individual Movements
General Discussions:
Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5 | Part 6 | Part 7 | Part 8 | Part 9 | Part 10 | Part 11 | Part 12 | Part 13 | Part 14 | Part 15 | Part 16 | Part 17 | BWV 244a | BWV 244b
Systemetic Discussions:
Part 1: Mvts. 1-8 | Part 2: Mvts. 9-20 | Part 3: Mvts. 21-29 | Part 4: Mvts. 30-40 | Part 5: Mvts. 41-50 | Part 6: Mvts. 51-57 | Part 7: Mvts. 58-63b | Part 8: Mvts. 63c-68 | Part 9: Role of the Evangelist
Individual Recordings:
BWV 244 - L. Bernstein | BWV 244 - G.C. Biller | BWV 244 - F. Brüggen | BWV 244 - J. Butt | BWV 244 - R. Chailly | BWV 244 - S. Cleobury | BWV 244 - J. Daus | BWV 244 - D. Fasolis | BWV 244 - W. Furtwängler | BWV 244 - J.E. Gardiner | BWV 244 - W. Gönnenwein | BWV 244 - P. Goodwin | BWV 244 - E.z. Guttenberg | BWV 244 - N. Harnoncourt | BWV 244 - P. Herreweghe | BWV 244 - R. Jacques | BWV 244 - H.v. Karajan | BWV 244 - O. Klemperer | BWV 244 - T. Koopman | BWV 244 - S. Koussevitzky | BWV 244 - S. Kuijken | BWV 244 - F. Lehmann | BWV 244 - G. Leonhardt | BWV 244 - P.J. Leusink | BWV 244 - E.&R. Mauersberger | BWV 244 - H. Max | BWV 244 - P. McCreesh | BWV 244 - W. Mengelberg | BWV 244 - K. Münchinger | BWV 244 - R. Norrington | BWV 244 - G. Oberfrank | BWV 244 - S. Ozawa | BWV 244 - A. Parrott | BWV 244 - G. Ramin | BWV 244 - S. Rattlr | BWV 244 - K. Richter | BWV 244 - H. Rilling | BWV 244 - H.J. Rotzsch | BWV 244 - H. Scherchen | BWV 244 - G. Solti | BWV 244 - C. Spering | BWV 244 - M. Suzuki | BWV 244 - J.v. Veldhoven | BWV 244 - B. Walter | BWV 244 - F. Werner | BWV 244 - M. Wöldike
Articles:
Saint Matthew Passion, BWV 244 [T.N. Towe] | Two Easter St. Matthew Passions (Plus One) [U. Golomb] | St. Matthew Passion from Harnoncourt [D. Satz] | The Passion according to Saint Matthew BWV 244 [J. Rifkin] | The Relationship between BWV 244a (Trauermusik) and BWV 244b (SMP Frühfassung) [T. Braatz] | Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 - Early History (A Selective, Annotated Bibliography) [W. Hoffman] | Spiritual Sources of Bach's St. Matthew Passion [W. Hoffman] | Bach and the "Great Passion" [D.G. Lebut Jr.] | The Genesis of Bach's `Great Passion': 1724-29 [W. Hoffman] | Early Performances of Bach's SMP [T. Braatz]

Recordings & Discussions of Other Vocal Works: Main Page | Motets BWV 225-231 | Mass in B minor BWV 232 | Missae Breves & Sanctus BWV 233-242 | Magnificat BWV 243 | Matthäus-Passion BWV 244 | Johannes-Passion BWV 245 | Lukas-Passion BWV 246 | Markus-Passion BWV 247 | Weihnachts-Oratorium BWV 248 | Oster-Oratorium BWV 249 | Chorales BWV 250-438 | Geistliche Lieder BWV 439-507 | AMN BWV 508-523 | Quodlibet BWV 524 | Aria BWV 1127

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Last update: ýAugust 20, 2012 ý22:41:08