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Collmen
[V]

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Description | History
J.S. Bach: Connection | Events in Life History | Performance Dates of Vocal Works | Festivals & Cantata Series
Features of Interest | Information & Links
Photos | Maps

Description

Collmen is a small village belonging to the municipalty of Zschadraß in Saxony, about 52 km south-east of Leipzig.

Zschadraß verwaltungsgemeinschaftsfreien is a town in southern district of Leipzig in Leipzig Government Region in the state of Saxony. The municipal seat is located in Hausdorf. The town is located north-east of the town of Colditz (2 km) at the confluence of the Freiberger Mulde and Zwickauer Mulde in the middle of the Saxon castles and villages. B 176 passes through the south of the municipal area.

Zschadraß includes the following villages / towns: Zschadraß, Zollwitz, Terpitzsch, Hausdorf, Erlbach, Bockwitz, Meuselwitz, Commichau, Zschirla, Kaltenborn, Skoplau, Collmen, Erlln, Koltzschen, Maaschwitz, Podelwitz, Raschütz, Tanndorf.

The name of collmen comes from a Latin word, which means peak detect. Collmen is one of the largest villages in the municipality with approximately 300 inhabitants.

Country: Germany | State: Saxony | District: Leipzig | Municiplity: Zschadraß |Area: 32,47 km˛ (Zschadraß) | Population: 300 (Collmen, 2005); 3,300 (Zschadraß, December 2008)

History

Zschadraß

Zschadraß is mentioned as a main place in 1294, first documented as Zcadroz. Several districts are older and were first mentioned in 1215. Zschadraß was belonging for a long time to the city of Colditz. On January 1, 1995 the villages/towns of Hausdorf, Erlbach and Zschadraß united into the greater municiplaity. On January 1, 1996 Tanndorf joined. Today, 18 villages and towns are members of the municiplasty.

Friedrich August Hermann Foppele, who was recognized as psychiatrist and director of the state pension institution (mental hospital) at Schloss Colditz, founded in 1868 a branch in in Zschadraß. Later the town was known to work closely with its Department of Psychiatry and Neurology. Until 1998, Zschadraß hosted a globally recognized pulmonary clinic, which in 1999 moved to Chemnitz. Thereafter, the clinic was taken over by the social welfare organization. Nationwide Zschadraß was known by the swindler Gert Postel, who was employed as a physician in the local psychiatric hospital from 1995 to 1997.

Collmen - Chronicle of Events

1215

First documented mention of "Chulm"

1784

The old school was built

1900

Bodenfläche (Floor area): c272 ha

1909
1995
1996
1996
1997
1998
1998
1999
1999
2000

The church is re-opened
New streets: Collmener Hauptstraße, Herzogstraße, Am Bornberg, Kirchstraße
Reiselwitz family presents their family tomb at the renovated mourning hall domain
Collme"n obtains children's playground "Bornberg"
Cemetery walls were substantially redeveloped
Fire in Asylbewerberheim
Ortsverbindungsstraße was built between the cemetery and Haingasse
FFW Collmen provides a service that maintains camaraderie under FFW Collmen a.D.
Rehabilitation of Ortsverbindungsstraße Collmen Haingasse
Completion of the work to clean up the cemetery and restoration of the Reiswitz family tomb

2004

Gasse is rebuilt

By 1900:
Presumably, the Pfarrhaus (rectory) is the oldest building in the village. As a place of worship Collmen had a chapel. The monastery was founded in 1192. Three deep wells supplyed water before the establishment of the residents. One of the well bore the name "Golddorn" (golden spike). In the village there is a medieval grave and punishement stone from the 11th-12th century. In 1901 Gottfried Müller became the 22nd Pastor in Collmen. The new church was built from in his period from 1901 to 1931. His wife, Liesbeth Müller (nee Baroness von Heinze; 1866-1940), became known during this time through her beautiful silhouettes. Furthermore, they had a community nurse, which led to a reduction in infant mortality in Collmen, Podelwitz, Tanndorf, Maaschwitz and Erlln. The people who died in the war were buried in the cemetery (a memorial cypress) with boulders built from the quarry. Between the two wells, not far from its confluence, is located old Sorbenrundling Collmen. On the origin and meaning of the name of one is divided.

2005:
Collmer is now a lovable place to live and will as ever characterized by its beautiful church. Agriculture is presented by farmers only as a sideline. The passer coming up from Zschadraß will notice very well-kept cemetery at the entrance

 

Bach Connection

In the late days of November 1735 Magister Abraham Kriegel (1691-1759), Tertius (student in 4th class) at the Thomasschule (Thomas School), married in the small Dorfkirche (village church) of Collmen near Colditz, the local pastor's daughter, Johanna Charlotta Wendt. J.S. Bach and the rector of the Thomasschule, Johann August Ernesti (1707-1781) were invited to the wedding. Both came together in a carriage to Collmen, and from there back to Leipzig. The trip offered a lot of time to discuss important and less important matters.

Source: Martin Petzoldt: Bachstäten Ein Reiseführer zu Johann Sebastian Bach (Insel Verlag, 2000), p. 41, English translation by Aryeh Oron (December 2009)

Events in Life History of J.S. Bach

Date/Year

Event

Leipzig (1731-1740)

Nov 1735

Visit to Collmen

Performance Dates of J.S. Bach’s Vocal Works: None.

Bach Festivals & Cantata Series: None.

 

Features of Interest

Wasserschloss Podelwitz
Kirche Collmen
.
Kirche Erlbach
Alte Bergscheune Podelwitz
Heimatturm Terpitzsch
Wasserturm Zschadraß
Zschirlaer Tiergartentor
Kirche Zschirla
Dentalhistorisches Museum

 

Videos

Information & Links

Gemeinde Zachdrass (Official Website) [German]
Zschadraß (Wikipedia) [German]

 

Prepared by Aryeh Oron (December 2009)

Guide to Bach Tour: Main Page | Life History of J.S. Bach | Performance Dates of Bach’s Vocal Works | Maps | Route Suggestions | Discussions
Maps of Bach Places | Videos of Bach Places | Symbols (Coats of Arms) of Bach Places | Organs in Bach Places
Places: Altenburg | Ammern | Arnstadt | Bad Berka | Berlin | Brandenburg | Bückeburg | Celle | Collmen | Dörna | Dornheim | Dresden | Eisenach | Erfurt | Gehren | Gera | Gotha | Halle | Hamburg | Heiligengrabe | Jena | Karlsbad | Kassel | Kleinzschocher | Köthen | Langewiesen | Leipzig | Lübeck | Lüneburg | Meiningen | Merseburg | Mühlhausen | Naumburg | Ohrdruf | Pomßen | Potsdam | Ronneburg | Sangerhausen | Schleiz | Stöntzsch | Störmthal | Taubach | Wechmar | Weimar | Weißenfels | Weißensee | Wiederau | Zeitz | Zerbst | Zschortau

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Last update: ýDecember 31, 2009 ý13:19:41