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Musical Context of Bach Cantatas
Motets & Chorales for Trinity Sunday

 

Readings: Epistle: Romans 11: 33-36; Gospel: John 3: 1-15

Dates in the lifetime of J.S. Bach, including works composed for the event

Motets and Chorales for Trinity Sunday

Douglas Cowling wrote (April 6, 2011):
THE MUSICAL CONTEXT OF BACH'S CANTATAS: MOTETS AND CHORALES FOR TRINITY SUNDAY

There's a doctoral thesis waiting out there which could bring together all of the information about the other music sung each Sunday by Bach's choirs in addition to the cantata.

Here's a first stab at making sense of the musical resources which were normative for Bach each week:

SOURCES:

* BACH'S HYMN BOOK:
Jürgen Grimm, "Das neu [?] Leipziger Gesangbuch des Gottfried Vopelius (Leipzig 1682)",
Berlin: Merseburger, 1969.
ML 3168 G75

* BACH'S MOTET COLLECTION:
Otto Riemer, "Erhard Bodenschatz und sein Florilegium Portense"
Schünigen: Kaminsky,1927
ML 410 B67R4

TRINITY SUNDAY (Festo Trinitatis)

NOTES:

* In addition to the five prescribed motets for Trinity, the Bodenschatz collection has 15 motets assigned to "all high feasts." Performance question: did the municipal brass perform with the Choirs I & II in these late Renaissance motets? [listen to the performance samples]

* The Bodenschatz motets are almost all for 8 voices, the minimum number of voices required in Bach's Choirs I & II. The presence of Italian Catholic composers such as Gabrieli, Marenzio, Orologio and Ingegneri attests to the encyclopedic design of the collection. A few of the names did not respond to a google: please amend if known.

* In addition to the Trinity chorales, the Vopelius hymn book has all of the pre-Reformation Proper chants for mass. These may have been sung on Sunday by Choir III and at masses during the following weekdays.

* A setting of the Missa -- two settings of the Kyrie and the Gloria are included with Trinity Sunday

* The Vopelius hymn book includes the chant hymn, responsary and four antiphons sung before and after chanted psalms and the Magnificat at Vespers of Trinity Sunday. They may have been sung by Choir II at the secondary Sunday Vespers.

1) MOTETS for:
a) opening Introit at Mass for Choirs I & II
b) in place of the Cantata before the Sermon (at mass and vespers) for Choir II
c) during Communion (Choirs I & II)

"Adesto Unus Deus" (8 voices) - Joachim Neander (1630-80)
"Benedicta Sit" (8 voices) - Adam Gumpelzhaimer (1559-1625)
"Duo Seraphim" (8 voices) - Marc'Antonio Ingegneri (1535 - 1592)
"Te Deum Patrem" (8 voices) - Hieronymous Praetorius (1560­1629)
sample: Amazon.com

"Te Deum Patrem" (8 voices) - Christian Erbach (1568-1635)

Additonal Motets "For all high feasts":

"Cantate Domino" (8 voices) - Anon.
"Cantate Domino" (8 voices) - Alessandro Orologio (1550-1633)
sample: Amazon.com

"Cantate Domino" (8 voices) - Jacob Handl/Gallus (1550-1591)
sample: Mp3Rocket

"Cantate Domino" (8 voices) - Andreas Berger (1584-1656)
"Exulate Deo" (8 voices) - Andrea Gabrieli (1532-1585)
"Exulate Deo" (8 voices) - Dulictius (?)
"Jubilate Deo" (8 voices) - Jovanel
"Jubilate Deo" (8 voices) - Luca Marenzio (1553-1599)
sample: Amazon.com

"Jubilate Deo" (8 voices) - Fr. Weisseniee (?)
"Jubilate Deo" (8 voices) - Andreas Berger (1584-1656)
"Laudate Dominum" (8 voices) - Hans Leo Hassler (1563-1612)
"Laudate Dominum" (8 voices) - Anon.
"Laudate Dominum" (8 voices) - Cantoni (?)
"Laudate Dominum" (8 voices) - Venturus (?)
"Laudate Dominum" (8 voices) - Andreas Berger (1584-1656)

2) HYMN DE TEMPORE (Gradual between Epistle and Gospel readings)
"Gott der Vater wohn uns bei"

3) PULPIT HYMN (corresponds to Offertory of Catholic mass)
"Nun Bitten Wir"

4) PREFACE (before Sanctus)

5) HYMNS (for Communion and Vespers)
"Spiritus Sancti (plainsong)
"Was alle Weisheit" (gerhardy
"Gelobet sei der Herr" (Olearius)
"O Lux Beate Trinitatis" (plainsong)
"Der du bist drei in Eingikeit"
"Allein Gott in der Höhe"

6) ORDINARY OF THE MASS (Missa):
"Kyrie Fons Bonitatis"
"Kyrie Gott Vater in Ewigkeit"
"Gloria in Exclesis"

7) PROPERS OF THE MASS:
Introit: "Benedicta sit Sancta Trinitas" [entrance chat of mass]
Alleluia: "Veni Sancte Spiritus" [chant between readings]
Sequence/Prose: "Veni Sancte Spiritus et Emitte" [chat before Gospel]

8) PROPERS for Vespers (and Matins?)
Hymn: O Lux Beata Trinitas
Responsary: Summae Trinitatis (chant following reading)
Antiphons: (Sung before and after chanted psalms)
Gloria Tibi Trinitatis aequalus
Te Invocamus Adoremus
Te Deum Patrem
Tibi Decus

 

Musical Context of Bach Cantatas: Table of Motets & Chorales for Events in the Lutheran Church Year

Lutheran Church Year: Main Page and Explanation | LCY - Event Table | LCY 2000-2005 | LCY 2006-2010 | LCY 2011-2015
Sundays & Holidays in the Lifetime of J.S. Bach | Performance Dates of Bach’s Vocal Works
Readings from the Epistles and the Gospels for each Event | Motets & Chorales for Events in the LCY
Discussions: Events in the Lutheran Church Year: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5 | Part 6 | Readings from the Bible

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Last update: ŭSeptember 9, 2011 ŭ19:45:12