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Alexandre Guilmant (Composer)

Born: March 12, 1837 - Boulogne-sur-Mer, France
Died: March 29, 1911 - Meudon, France

Félix-Alexandre Guilmant was a French organist and composer. He was a student of his father, then of Jacques-Nicolas Lemmens, he became an organist and teacher in his place of birth. In 1871 he was appointed as organist of la Trinité church in Paris, a position that he held for 25 years. From then on he followed a career as a virtuoso; he gave concerts in Europe as well as in the USA.

Guilmant created the Schola Cantorum in 1894 with Charles Bordes and Vincent d'Indy. In 1896 he succeeded Charles-Marie Widor as organ teacher of Conservatoire de Paris. With André Pirro, he published a collection of scores, Archives des Maîtres de l'Orgue (archives of the masters of the organ), a compilation of the compositions of numerous classical French composers in ten volumes, from 1898 to 1914. He proceeded in the same manner for foreign masters of the organ, publishing l'École classique de l'Orgue (classical school of the organ).

Composition

Guilmant was an accomplished composer, particularly for his own instrument, the organ. His organ repertoire includes his 18 collections of Pièces dans différents styles (pieces in differing styles), the more liturgical Soixante interludes dans la tonalité grégorienne (60 pieces in Gregorian tonality) and his 12 books of l'Organiste liturgique (the liturgical organist). He also wrote chamber music, vocal music, a sinfonia cantata (Ariane) as well a lyric scene (Bathsheba).

It should be emphasised that Guilmant's organ sonatas are in fact symphonic in form and structure. His actual organ symphonies include Légende et Final symphonique in D minor (symphonic legend and finale, Op. 71, written in 1888) and Morceau symphonique in A minor (symphonic excerpt Op. 75, written in 1892).

Source: Wikipedia Website
Contributed by
Aryeh Oron (March 2008)

Arrangements/Trancriptions of Bach's Works

Sonatina (Mvt. 1) from Cantata BWV 106, transcribed for organ

Use of Chorale Melodies in his works

Title

Chorale Melody

Year

Choral prelude for organ Valet will ich dir gehen

Valet will ich dir geben

Was Gott thut, das ist wohlgethan, Choral, Op. 93/1

Was Gott tut, das ist wohlgetan

Links to other Sites

Felix Alexandre Guilmant (1837-1911) (Official Website)

Alexandre Guilmant (Wikipedia)
Félix Alexandre Guilmant (Encyclopedia.com)

Bibliography

Orpha Caroline Ochse): Organists and Organ Playing in Nineteenth-Century France and Belgium, pp. 195-96 (Indiana University Press, 1994)

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Last update: řApril 20, 2010 ř14:43:56