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Nicolaus Vetter (Composer)

Born: October 1666 - ?Herschdorf, Königsee, Thuringia, Germany
Died: June 13, 1734 - Rudolstadt

(Andreas) Nicolaus Vetter was a German organist and composer. The most important influence on Vetter was that of Johann Pachelbel, with whom he studied in Erfurt from 1688 to 1690. Before then he had been a pupil of G.K. Wecker in Nuremberg and a student at the Gymnasium in Rudolstadt from 1683 to 1688.

When Pachelbel left Erfurt for Stuttgart in 1690, Nicolaus Vetter assumed his position at the Predigerkirche. In July of the following year he moved to Rudolstadt as the castle organist, being succeeded in Erfurt by J.H. Buttstedt. The authorities honoured him in later years with the appointments of government advocate, church procurator and master over the page boys, positions which tend to support the theory that as a young man he had also attended the University of Erfurt.

Nicolaus Vetter’s contemporaries seem to have valued his chorale settings as good examples of the middle German style established by Pachelbel. There also seems to have been some confusion between his output and Bach’s, since the manuscript Mus.40035 of the Deutsche Staatsbibliothek, Berlin (now lost) once gave his name as the composer of variations eight and three of Allein Gott BWV 771. World War II also saw the destruction of sources for his free organ compositions and a work for chorus and orchestra, Zum frohen Empfang Grossherzogs Carl Fürsten Primas.

Works

for organ unless stated otherwise

Editions:
Orgelchoräle um Joh. Seb. Bach, ed. G. Frotscher (
Leipzig, 1937) [F]
Andreas Nicolaus Vetter (1666–1734): Koraalbewerkingen, ed. E. Kooiman (Hilversum, 1989) [K]

Ach Gott und Herr, 2 verses; formerly D-Bsb, now lost
Ach Gott vom Himmel sieh darein, 3 verses; ed. in FrotscherG, K
Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr, first setting, 2 verses, ed. F. Dietrich, Elf Orgelchoräle des siebzehnten Jahrhunderts (
Kassel, 1932), K
Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr, second setting, 2 verses or perhaps all 17 attrib Bach, bwv771; D-Bsb Bach P1143, K
Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr, third setting, 2 verses, NL-DHgm
Christ lag in Todesbanden, first setting, ed. A.G. Ritter, Zur Geschichte des Orgelspiels: Musikalische Beispiele (
Leipzig, 1884), K
Christ lag in Todesbanden, second setting, F, K
Gelobet sei der Herr, der Gott Israel, formerly D-Bsb, now lost
Jesu, meine Freude, 7 verses, formerly Bsb, now lost
Jesus Christus, unser Heiland, der den Tod überwand, F, K
Komm, heiliger Geist, Herre Gott, F, K
Lobt Gott, ihr Christen allzugleich, F
Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland (Veni Redemptor gentium), ed. H. Keller, Achtzig Choralvorspiele deutscher Meister (
Leipzig, 1937)
Vater unser im Himmelreich; cited without source in FrotscherG
Zum frohen Empfang Grossherzogs Carl Fürsten Primas, 4vv, 2 viols, 2 fl, 2 hn, bc; formerly DS, now lost
Free org compositions, all lost

 

Source: Grove Music Online, © Oxford University Press 2006, acc. 3/5-06 (Author: Hugh J. McLean)
Contributed by
Thomas Braatz (April 2006)

Works previously attributed to J.S. Bach

Chorale Partita for organ Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr, BWV 771

Use of Chorale Melodies in his works

Title

Chorale Melody

Year

Ach Gott und Herr, 2 verses Chorale Prelude for Organ; now lost

Ach Gott und Herr

Ach Gott, vom Himmel sieh darein, Chorale Prelude for Keyboard Instrument

Ach Gott, vom Himmel sieh darein

Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr, 1st setting for organ, 2 verses, ed. F. Dietrich, Elf Orgelchoräle des siebzehnten Jahrhunderts (Kassel, 1932)

Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr

Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr, 2nd setting for organ (chorale partita), 2 verses or perhaps all 17 attrib Bach, BWV 771; D-Bsb Bach P1143

Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr

Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr, 3rd setting for organ, 2 verses, NL-DHgm

Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr

Christ lag in Todesbanden, 2 Chorale Preludes for Organ

Christ lag in Todesbanden

Jesus Christus, unser Heiland, der den Tod überwand, Chorale Prelude for Organ

Jesus Christus, unser Heiland, der den Tod überwand

Jesu, meine Freude, 7 verses set a Chorale Preludes for Organ [now lost]

Jesu, meine Freude

Komm, heiliger Geist, Herre Gott, Chorale Prelude for Organ

Komm, Heiliger Geist, Herre Gott

Lobt Gott, ihr Christen allzugleich, Chorale Prelude for Organ

Lobt Gott, ihr Christen, allzugleich

Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland, Chorale Prelude for Organ

Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland

Vater unser im Himmelreich, Chorale Prelude for Organ

Vater unser im Himmelreich

Links to other Sites

   

Bibliography

FrotscherG [incl. edn of Ach Gott vom Himmel]
F Dietrich: Geschichte des deutschen Orgelchorals im 17. Jahrhundert (
Kassel, 1932)
H. Keller: ‘Unechte Orgelwerke Bachs’, BJb 1937, 59–82
H. Joelson-Strohbach: ‘Nachricht von verschiedenen verloren geglaubten Handschriften mit barocker Tastenmusik’, AMw, xliv (1987), 91–140

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Last update: ýNovember 5, 2008 ý21:44:02