Recordings/Discussions
Background Information
Performer Bios

Poet/Composer Bios

Additional Information

Biographies of Poets & Composers: Main Page | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Bach & Other Composers

Ján Šimbracký (Composer)

Born: unknown date & place
Died: 1657 - Spišské Podhradie

Ján [Johannes] Šimbracký [Schimbracki, Schimrag, Schimrack, Schimrak] was a Slovak composer and organist. In 1630 he bought a house in Spišské Podhradie and from 1637 until his death he was a member of the towns municipal council. His compositions were copied and performed in many places in Slovakia; one of them, Gott stehet in der Gemeine Gottes, was used as incidental music to a play by Peter Eisenberg, Ein zwiefacher poetischer Act, performed in Prešov in 1651.

The main source of Šimbracký works are two manuscripts in tablature (SK-L 3 A and 4 A, olim 13 992 and 13 994) in the hand of thomas Gosler, town clerk of Kežmarok and a composer in his own right. Šimbrackýs extant works number 54; 42 survive in tablature scores and 12 in an incomplete set of partbooks. His settings of Latin and German sacred texts show him to be a master of the older Franco-Flemish polyphony as well as of modern polychoral techniques. In cori spezzati works he employed contrasts between differently composed choirs and alternated contrapuntal and chordal passages; a prominent role is played by antiphonal exchanges of homophonic declamations. The motets exemplify contrasts of metre, timbre and dynamics, and the sacred concertos more sophisticated contrasts of solo and tutti (refrain) passages as well as alternations of a cappella and instrumentally accompanied writing. Šimbrackýs style is balanced between the ancient church modes and the major-minor system. His melodies make use of a wide range of Baroque figures, but chromaticism appears only sparingly.

 

Source: Grove Music Online, Oxford University Press 2006, acc. 4/23 (Author: Janka Petőczová-Matúšová)
Contributed by
Thomas Braatz (April 2006)

Use of Chorale Melodies in his works

Title

Chorale Melody

Year

Komm heiliger Geist Herre Gott, 8 voices, bc

Komm, Heiliger Geist, Herre Gott

Setting of Nun komm der Heiden Heiland, 8 voices, bc

Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland

Links to other Sites

   

Bibliography

 

Biographies of Poets & Composers: Main Page | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Bach & Other Composers

Introduction | Cantatas | Other Vocal | Instrumental | Performers | General Topics | Articles | Books | Movies | New
Biographies | Texts & Translations | Scores | References | Commentaries | Music | Concerts | Festivals | Tour | Art & Memorabilia
Chorale Texts | Chorale Melodies | Lutheran Church Year | Readings | Poets & Composers | Arrangements & Transcriptions
Search Website | Search Works/Movements | Terms & Abbreviations | Copyright | How to contribute | Sitemap | Links



 

Back to the Top


Last update: May 28, 2006 21:20:59