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Flor Peeters (Composer)

Born: July 4, 1903 - Tielen (near Turnhout, in the Antwerp Kempen region), Belgium
Died: July 4, 1986 - Antwerp, Belgium

Flor Peeters was a Belgian composer. He studied at the Lemmens Institute in Mechelen and received highest honours: the Prix Lemmens-Tinel, in 1923. He was the youngest laureate of this distinction in the history of the school.

In 1923 Flor Peeters was appointed second organist at the cathedral and second teacher at the Lemmens Institute in Mechelen, both tasks as assistant for his organ teacher Oscar Depuydt, who, together with Lodewijk Mortelmans, can be seen as his most important teacher. After Depuydt died in 1925, Flor Peeters became first organist at the cathedral and head teacher of organ at the Lemmens Institute. In 1931 he was appointed teacher of organ at the Royal Conservatory of Gent and in 1935 teacher of organ and improvisation at the Roman Catholic College in Tilburg (Netherlands). He taught at the Lemmens Institute from 1923 to 1952; at the Conservatory of Gent from 1931 until 1948. In 1948 he became teacher of organ at the Royal Flemish Conservatory of Music in Antwerp; from 1952 until 1968 he was also director of the Flemish Conservatory. He retired in 1968 and was given the assignment of an International Masterclass in the cathedral of Mechelen by the Ministry of Flemish Culture. He fulfilled this task until his death.

Flor Peeters was a member of the Royal Academy of Sciences, Letters and Fine Arts of Belgium and an honorary member of the Royal Academy of Music in London. With Olivier Messiaen he was nominated adviser for the Vatican Council II, but neither of them was ever consulted.

Flor Peeters was made doctor honoris causa in music by the Catholic University in Washington (1962) and by the Catholic University of Louvain (1971).Also in 1971 King Baudouin of the Belgians gave him the title of baron. A few weeks before his death he received the State Award for an artistic career from the Belgian Government.

Organist

Flor Peeters' first assignment was that of church organist (1923-1986). He was a genuine liturgical improvisator, who could skilfully embellish the liturgical action with short pre- and postludes with rich tone colouring put into short patterns. He published a Practical Method for the Accompaniment of Gregorian Chant 1942). Each Sunday after High Mass, between 1968 and 1986, he performed a short recital for friends and tourists. He kept his large repertoire in good condition and this playing was a necessity for him as a mean of communicating beauty to others. After 1978 he could not undertake any travels due to his deteriorated physical condition (osteoporosis).

Very early in his career he was attracted to the concert life. He started in 1924 in Belgium and in 1928 in the Netherlands; in 1929 Denmark followed and in 1934 Germany and Italy; in 1935 Paris. After the Second World War his concert career was widely extended outside Western Europe: the United States, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, South Africa, New Zealand, Australia and the Philippines. He gave ca. 1200 organ recitals in churches of all denominations and in concert halls.

Composer

Flor Peeters was a prolific composer He wrote for himself and accepted commissions from publishers. Composing was a necessity for him. His compositions have influenced his organ playing and the concert life his compositions. He mainly composed for his instrument and for choir. His compositions are characterised by a fluent invention, strongly leaning towards the Gregorian melos and the modal harmony, a preference for classical forms, the use of polyrhythm and polytonality and after 1966 also of atonality and seriality.

The esthetical evolution of his work started as late Franckian virtuosity, and went via vitalistic neo-classicism, to an introvert and sober vitality, strongly moving rhythms, contrasting in colours and with an intense lyricism. The major seventh and the minor second are the corner stones of his compositions. His spiritual choir music (a.o. 10 Masses and numerous motets) is to be seen as a personal assimilation of the Motu Proprio of Pope Pius IX of 1903. It is adapted to the possibilities of amateur choirs in the thirties. He also wrote many songs (Lieder), piano and chamber music, and concerti for organ and other instruments.

Flor Peeters is author of the largest published chorale work ever undertaken: opus 100 Hymn Preludes for the Liturgical Year (1959-1964); it contains no less than 213 chorale preludes on ecumenical church hymns for the complete Liturgical Year. Raymond Schroyens will dedicate two lectures to the chorale oeuvre of Flor Peeters. We will also have a lecture on some important organ works of the master.

Teacher

Flor Peeters was also a teacher highly in demand between 1930 and 1980. He has educated hundreds of organists in his own country and again hundreds during his yearly master classes in the United States. He published an extensive organ method Ars Organi (1952) in three volumes and in four languages, besides the Little Organ Book (1957 with examples played by himself on his studio organ). He edited various volumes of Old Netherlands Masters for organ (1938, 1945, and 1948) and Alte Orgelmusik aus England und Frankreich, Altniederländische Meister (1958).

He brought the art of the organ to a larger public and published with others The Organ and its Music in the Netherlands 1500-1800; this lavish book was also available in Dutch, French and German versions ( Mercatorfonds Antwerp; 1970); it treated the organ building (Dr.M.A.Vente), organ music (Flor Peeters) and the social position of the organist (Piet Visser), all these aspects put into a broad cultural and historical view (Guido Peeters). Through its colour pictures, charts, maps and music examples and with the two LPs Flor Peeters made to accompany the book, it remains a unicum in the world of the organ art.).

Selective list of works

Organ:
Symfonische fantasie op. 13 (1925); Variaties en finale op een oud Vlaams lied op. 20 (1929); Toccata, fuga en hymne op Ave maris stella op. 28 (1933); Tien choralen for organ op. 39 (1936); Modale suite for orgel and harmonium op. 43 (1938); Sinfonia per organo op. 48 (1940); Concerto for organ and orchestra op. 52 (1944); Lied-symfonie op. 66 (1948); Dertig korte preludes op bekende hymnen op. 95 (1959); Hymnen preludes voor het liturgisch jaar op. 100 (tussen 1959 en 1966); Zehn inventionen op. 117 (1969); Parafrase op Salve Regina op. 123 (1973); Sonata quasi una fantasia op. 129 (1977); Partita op Lieve Vrouwe van de Kempen op. 135 (1983)

Piano:
Suite voor klavier op. 18 (1928); Tien schetsen uit het kinderleven op. 27 (1934); Tien bagatellen op. 88 (1958); Twaalf koraalpreluden op. 114 (1964)

Songs:
Veertien kinderliederen op. 34; Speculum Vitae op. 36 (1935); Drie gelegenheidsliederen op. 44; Het tijdloos verbond op. 50

Masses:
Missa in Honorem S. Josephi op. 21 (1929); Missa Festiva op. 62 (1947); Missa in Honorem Sancti Joannis Baptistae op. 84 (1956)

Chorus:
Quattuor Motetta op. 14; Drie drinkliederen op. 23; Het lied der eeuwen op. 33; Sing to God with Gladness op. 40 (1936); Te Deum op. 57 (1945); Vier motetten op. 63 en op. 64 (1947); Wedding Song op. 103 (1960); Vier oude kerstliederen op. 115 (1964)


Source: Flor Peeters Website; CeBeDem Website
Contributed by
Aryeh Oron (June 2006)

Use of Chorale Melodies in his works

Title

Chorale Melody

Year

Auf, auf, mein Herz, mit Freuden, Partita for Organ

Auf, auf! mein Herz, mit Freuden

Links to other Sites

Flor Peeters (Official Website) [Dutch/English]
PEETERS, Flor (CeBeDem) [Dutch/English/French], includes list of works

Flor Peeters - Biography (AMG)
Flor Peeters (Wikipedia)
Flor Peeters (1903-1986) - klassiekemuziekgids.net [Dutch]

Bibliograp

J. Bate: Flor Peeters at 70, in Musical Times, 114, 1973, p. 185-186
M.-T. Buyssens: Bibliografie meester Flor Peeters, s.l., 1971
W. Giles: The Organ Music of Flor Peeters, in Journal of Church Music, 9, 1967, p. 8-10, 43
B. Hesford: A Companion to Flor Peeters's Opus 100, in Musical Opinion, vanaf 100, 1977
B. Hesford: The Organ Works of Flor Peeters, in Musical Opinion, vanaf 100, 1977
J. Hofmann: Flor Peeters. His Life and His Organ Works, New York, 1978
B. Marx: Orgelschulen des 20. Jahrhunderts, in Musica Sacra, 97, 1977, p. 22-35
G. Peeters: Charles Tournemire (1870-1939) en Flor Peeters (1903-1986), in Orgelkunst, 12, 1989, p. 157-163
J. Schouten: Flor Peeters (1903) ambassadeur van het orgel, in Gregoriusblad, 103, 1979, p. 108-113
R. Schroyens: De koraalpreludia van Flor Peeters. I, in Orgelkunst, 15, 1992, p. 173-183
R. Schroyens: De koraalpreludia van Flor Peeters. II, in Orgelkunst, 16, 1993, p. 33-42
R. Schroyens: Peeters speelt Peeters, in Orgelkunst, 11, 1988, p. 26-33
P. Visser: Flor Peeters, organist, Turnhout, 1950

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Last update: June 10, 2006 08:26:49