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Johann Christoph Oley (Composer)

Born: May/June 1748 (baptised: June 3, 1738) - Bernburg, Germany
Died: January 20, 1789 - Aschersleben, Germany

Johann Christoph Oley was a German organist and composer. There is some evidence that he studied with J.S. Bach for a short time in 1749, but none connecting him with the Thomasschule. In 1755 he became organist of the church in Bernburg, but moved to the church of St Stephan in neighbouring Aschersleben in January 1762 because of its superior organ. To augment his salary he assumed the duties of assistant schoolmaster as well.

Contemporaries praised Johann Christoph Oley’s skill on the keyboard and organ, and his compositions attracted some interest. His organ writing reminded Johann Friedrich Agricola, another Bach pupil, of the glories of an earlier age. J. Beckmann, in a review of 1778, criticized carelessness in his harmony, giving credence perhaps to Gerber’s statement that in the main Oley was self-taught. Bach’s personal influence was probably insignificant: Emery has suggested that certain details in the copies of Bach’s music that Oley made on his return to Bernburg, and later, reveal an unfamiliarity with his practice. Sietz mentioned some manuscript works by Oley in a private collection in Dessau, but only a set of 14 keyboard variations (published in Nuremberg, n.d) and the four-volume Variirte Choräle (Quedlinburg, 1773-1792) seem to be extant. The latter work contains 77 settings for organ solo (10 ed. W. Emery, London, 1958 and 1964; others ed. W. Syré, Locarno, 1987), two for solo oboe and organ, and six for organ and instrumental ensemble of flute, oboe, bassoon, horn, two violins, viola and cello (2 ed. F. Haselböck, Stuttgart, 1976). The most interesting combine his fondness for strict canon with passages in the more expressive style. Oley owned one of the four extant copies of the Schübler chorales (in A-Wn, with Bach’s corrections), but in spite of speculation to the contrary he probably did not have access to Bach’s estate.

Works

Chorale Preludes for Organ:
Ach lieber Herre Jesu Christ, der du ein Kindlein worden bist
Aus tiefer Not schrei ich zu dir
Herr, für dein Wort sei hoch gepreist
Mach's mit mir, Gott, nach deiner Güte
Nun freud euch lieben Christen gemein
Weg mit allem was da scheinet
Werde munter, mein Gemüte
Wie schöne leucht der Morgenstern

 

Source: Answers.com Website (from Keith Johnson, All Music Guide); Various other websites; Grove Music Online, © Oxford University Press 2006, acc. 5/24/06 (Author: Hugh J. McLean)
Contributed by
Aryeh Oron (May 2006); Thomas Braatz (May 2006)

Use of Chorale Melodies in his works

Title

Chorale Melody

Year

Aus tiefer Not schrei ich zu dir, Chorale Prelude for Organ

Aus tiefer Not schrei ich zu dir

Mach's mir Gott nach deim Deiner, Chorale Prelude for Organ

Machs mit mir, Gott, nach deiner Güt

Werde munter, mein Gemüte, Chorale Prelude for Organ

Werde munter, mein Gemüthe

Links to other Sites

Johann Christoph Oley (Answers.com)

 

Bibliography

FrotscherG | GerberL
R. Sietz: Die Orgelkompositionen des Schülerkreises um Johann Sebastian Bach, BJb 1935, 33-96
H. Löffler: Die Schüler Johann Sebastian Bachs, BJb 1953, 5-28, esp. 26
H.-J. Schulze, ed.: Dokumente zum Nachwirken Johann Sebestian Bachs 1750-1800, Bach-Dokumente, iii (
Leipzig, 1972)

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Last update: ýMay 24, 2006 ý21:42:25