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Nikolaus Hasse (Composer)

Born: c1617 - Lübeck, Germany
Died: March 8?, 1672 - Rostock, Germany

Nikolaus [Nicolaus] Hasse was a composer and organist, eldest son of Peter Hasse (i). He studied with his father, but other information about his early life is unclear, for there is little agreement among what is to hand in secondary biographical sources. In 1642 he became organist of the Marienkirche, Rostock, and held the post tenuously until 1671, when he seems to have retired. He appears always to have been in financially embarrassing circumstances.

Nikolaus Hasse has long been known as a composer of chamber music and sacred songs, but his organ music remained for a long time undiscovered. His chamber music is all contained in Delitiae musicae (1656), comprising 21 suites (allemande–courante–saraband) and 14 other dance movements; they were originally intended for use by the students of Rostock University. Hasse was the principal contributor of melodies (and possibly the harmonizations as well) to Geistliche Seelen-Musik, a collection of religious verse edited by Heinrich Müller. His 50 melodies are much more florid than the others in the volume and are consequently more akin to Italian arias than to simple German hymns. Most of his other vocal works are occasional pieces. His four surviving organ works, all of which are to be found in the Pelplin organ tablatures, illustrate the development of the north German organ style. In Jesus Christus unser Heiland (‘pro Organo pleno’) the chorale is presented in the soprano in the first verse, the tenor in the second and the bass in the third. There is no ornamental elaboration of the cantus firmus, which is presented in strict counterpoint throughout. In Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr the chorale melody is treated much more imitatively; when it appears in the soprano it is often expanded by the use of decoration that in turn adds to the rhythmic movement of the setting. Ornamentation is used to an even greater extent in Jesus Christus unser Heiland (for two manuals and pedals) and in a manner similar to that adopted later by, for example, Dietrich Buxtehude and Georg Böhm. In its fantasia-like passages Hasse made particular use of echo devices and motivic imitation. Whereas ornamentation is here still confined to the soprano, in Komm, Heiliger Geist, Herre Gott, an impressive piece of some 292 bars, it extends to all the other voices except the pedals, which, with its periodic, undecorated statements of the various phrases of the cantus firmus, cogently supports the increased imitative counterpoint and motivic interplay in the upper voices and imparts unity to the work. Hasse here developed ideas and techniques that Franz Tunder and Johann Adam Reincken incorporated more intensively into their chorale fantasias.

Works

all printed works published in Rostock

Sacred Vocal
Geistliche Seelen-Musik, bestehend in zehen Betrachtungen und vier hundert … Gesängen, mit … 50 gantz neuen Melodeyen, 1v, bc (1659); 47 ed. in ZahnM; 15 ed. K. Isenberg, Geistliche Lieder des Barock, ii (Kassel, 1955)
2 geistliche Lieder … mit anmuthigen Melodeyen gezieret, 1v, bc (1661)
2 geistliche Lieder (Lebt jemand so wie ich) … mit anmuthigen Melodeyen gezieret, 1v, bc (1668)

Occasional
Grab-Lied (Herr! wann ich nur dich hab) über den … Hintritt des Herrn Jacobi Fabricii, 5vv (1652)
Klag-Lied (Also hat Gott die Welt geliebet) über den … Todesfall des … Herrn Joachimi Stephani, 5vv, bc (1652)
Ehren-geistliches musicalisches Gedicht (Nun dancket alle Gott) zu … Glückwünschung denen … Herren … in der … Universität zu Rostock … Doctores Philosophiae … creiret worden, 4vv, bc (1654)
Grab-Lied (Ich habe ein guten Kampf gekämpffet) über den … Hintritt des … Herrn Caspar Poleyen, 5vv, bc (1655)

Instrumental
Delitiae musicae, das ist Schöne, lustige und anmuthige Allemanden, Couranten und Sarabanden, 2 vn, vle, hpd/theorbo (1656)
Chorale preludes: Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr; Jesus Christus unser Heiland (2 versions); Komm, Heiliger Geist, Herre Gott: org, PL-PE (facs. in AMP, iii–iv, 1965–7); ed. K. Beckmann (Wiesbaden, 1974) and in CEKM, x (1965)

Lost Works
cited in EitnerQ and WaltherML
Musicalische Erquickstunden aus Allemanden, Couranten, und Sarabanden (1658)
Appendix etlicher Allemanden, Couranten, und Sarabanden, und Balletten (1658)

 

Source: Grove Music Online, © Oxford University Press 2006, acc. 3/5-06 (Author: David J. Nichols)
Contributed by
Thomas Braatz (April 2006)

Use of Chorale Melodies in his works

Title

Chorale Melody

Year

Allein Gott in der Höh' sei Her, Chorale Prelude for Organ

Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr

Komm, heiliger Geist, Herre Gott, Chorale Prelude for Organ

Komm, Heiliger Geist, Herre Gott

Links to other Sites

   

Bibliography

ApelG | EitnerQ | FétisB | FrotscherG | MatthesonGEP | MeyerMS | WaltherML | ZahnM
E. Praetorius: ‘Mitteilungen aus norddeutschen Archiven’, SIMG, vii (1905–6), 204–52
J. Hennings: ‘Das Musikergeschlecht der Hasse’, Mf, ii (1949), 50–53
J. Hennings and W. Stahl: Musikgeschichte Lübecks (Kassel, 1951–2)
M. Reimann: ‘Pasticcios und Parodien in norddeutschen Klaviertabulaturen’, Mf, viii (1955), 265–71
L. Schierning: Die Überlieferung der deutschen Orgel- und Klaviermusik aus der ersten Hälfte des 17. Jahrhunderts: eine quellenkundliche Studie (Kassel, 1961), 32ff
R. Kopff: ‘Les compositeurs de musique instrumentale en Alsace au XVIIe siècle’, La musique en Alsace hier et aujourd’hui (Strasbourg, 1970), 83–94

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Last update: ýNovember 7, 2008 ý17:14:55