Lutheran Church Year
Dates of "Estomihi" (Quinquagesima Sunday, Sunday before Lent)
Quinquagesima is the name for the Sunday before Ash Wednesday. It was also called Quinquagesima Sunday or Esto Mihi (Estomihi). The name originates from Latin quinquagesimus (fiftieth), referring to the 50 days before Easter Day using inclusive counting which counts both Sundays (normal counting would count only one of these). Since the 40 days of the Lenten fast included only weekdays, the first day of Lent, Ash Wednesday, succeeds Quinquagesima Sunday by only three days. The earliest Quinquagesima Sunday can occur is February 1 and the latest is March 7.
The reforms of the Second Vatican Council included the elimination of this term for this Sunday (and the two immediately before it - Sexagesima and Septuagesima Sundays), and these Sundays are part of Ordinary Time. The contemporary service books of many Anglican provinces do not use the term but it remains in the Book of Common Prayer. According to the reformed Roman Rite Roman Catholic calendar, this Sunday is now known by its number within Ordinary Time - 4th through 9th, depending upon the date of Easter - or the 4th through the 9th Sunday after Epiphany in the contemporary Anglican calendars, and that of various Protestant polities. The extraordinary form of the Roman rite continues to refer to the Sunday prior to Ash Wednesday as Quinquagesima Sunday, and the two Sundays immediately preceding it as Sexagesima and Septuagesima Sundays.
Readings: Epistle: 1 Corinthians 13: 1-13; Gospel: Luke 18: 31-43
Musical Context of Bach Cantatas: Motets & Chorales for Gesima Sundays
Dates in the Lifetime of J.S. Bach
All dates are in ISO 8601 format: YYYY-MM-DD.
Abbreviations of German weekdays: Sonntag, Montag, Dienstag, Mittwoch, Donnerstag, Freitag, Samstag.
1723-02-07 So - Cantata BWV 22 Jesus nahm zu sich die Zwölfe (1st performance, Leipzig) + Cantata BWV 23 Du wahrer Gott und Davids Sohn (1st performance, Leipzig)
1724-02-20 So - Cantata BWV 22 Jesus nahm zu sich die Zwölfe (2nd performance, Leipzig) + Cantata BWV 23 Du wahrer Gott und Davids Sohn (2nd performance, Leipzig)
1725-02-11 So - Cantata BWV 127 Herr Jesu Christ, wahr' Mensch und Gott (1st performance, Leipzig)
1726-03-03 So - J.L. Bach: Cantata Ja, mir hast du Arbeit gemacht, JLB-5 (1st performance, Leipzig)
1729-02-27 So - Cantata BWV 159 Sehet! wir gehn hinauf gen Jerusalem (1st performance, Leipzig)
Sundays and Holidays in the Lifetime of J.S. Bach
Prepared by Dr. Georg Fischer (April 2007), Aryeh Oron (March 2010)
Contributed by Dr. Georg Fischer (March 2010)
Please direct any questions or comments to: Dr. Georg Fischer